Steel companies from around the world have been reporting to worldsteel on sustainability indicators since 2004. These indicators provide a systematic way of measuring key aspects of our economic, environmental and social performance on a yearly basis. The indicators are aligned to the commitments outlined in our sustainable development policy.
In 2019, 85 steel companies contributed data for fiscal year 2018. Crude steel produced by companies who reported on one or more indicators was 970 Mt, representing 56% of global crude steel production.
|1||Greenhouse gas emissions||Tonnes CO2/tonne crude steel cast||1.88||1.83||1.82(p)|
|2||Energy Intensity||GJ/tonne crude steel cast||20.3||19.9||19.8(p)|
|3||Material efficiency||% of materials converted to products & co-products||97.5||96.3||96.3|
|4||Environmental management systems (EMS)||% of employees & contractors working in EMS-registered production facilities||97.1||96.8||95.8|
|5||Lost time injury frequency rate||Injuries/million hours worked||1.01||0.97||0.84|
|6||Employee training||Training days/employee||7.0||6.1||6.4|
|7||Investment in new processes and products||% of revenue||13.0||5.9||6.0|
|8||Economic Value Distributed||% of revenue||98.8||97.0||93.9|
(p) indicates that the data is preliminary; data collection in progress.
The data collection commences in June and is reported in the same year.
The average indicator results, participation by indicator, as well as performance trends are provided below.
Indicators 1 & 2 (Greenhouse gas emissions and Energy intensity):
Data is provisional (p) for indicators 1 & 2.
These indicators are calculated using route-specific energy and CO2 intensity for the basic oxygen furnace and electric arc furnace. The indicators are also weighted based on the production share of each route. Indicator 1 includes CO2 emissions only as these make up approximately 93% of all steel industry greenhouse gas emissions.
Indicator 5: Lost time injury frequency rate includes fatalities and is calculated based on figures including contractors and employees.
Indicator 7: Investment in new processes and products includes capital expenditure and R&D investment.
Indicator 8: Data collection for Economic Value Distributed started in 2007.