博客:总干事寄语

总干事寄语

世界钢铁协会总干事Edwin Basson

2019年1月29日

现在,距离上次国际金融危机爆发已有十年,然而2019年伊始,我们发现仍有一些重要问题尚待解决,不确定性因素或冲突依然存在。美中贸易谈判、英国“脱欧”、人口迁移和边境问题(欧盟和美国)、气候变化、中国经济增长、中东冲突等等问题,不胜枚举。对于这些重要问题,希望在今年能够给出问题解决的方向。

许多材料都声称虽然自己能够促进或支撑现代社会的可持续发展,但很少有材料像钢铁一样,可持续的时间如此之久,支撑的应用如此之广。继续维持钢铁现有的这个地位并不容易,来自社会各界的要求越发苛刻,竞争性材料也在不断完善,新的高性能材料也在不断开发。

眼下,我们需要面对两个具体的挑战。

第一个挑战是气候变化,钢铁可以为之作出重要贡献。钢铁行业2018年产量约为18亿吨,其中70%为利用原料生产的新钢铁。在生产过程中,二氧化碳排放量预计占全球总额的7%至9%之间。同时,在《巴黎协定》制定的减排计划上,钢铁起到十分重要的作用。无论是可再生能源或大规模的交通运输,还是智能城市或电气化,要减少碳排放,都需要大量使用钢铁。世界钢铁协会的会员单位粗钢产量占世界粗钢产量的80%以上,他们不断寻找各种可以提升能源利用和产品设计效率的方式方法。我们正在筹划一个令业界振奋的新项目,希望不久该项目就能投入实施,请关注项目的进一步发展!

第二个挑战是社会越来越关注的可循环生产方式——即所谓“循环经济”,循环经济是构成经济决策的基础之一。这对所有金属材料都可能产生重要的潜在影响,钢铁本身作为可再利用、再循环的材料,毫无疑问将受到循环经济政策带来的影响。毕竟,要建设一个低排放的、可再利用、再制造和再循环的世界,能够发挥关键作用的材料并不是很多。

要想成为现代社会发展过程中的首选材料,我们钢铁人必须努力证明自己对未来成功的重要性。

  • 1

    For several years I have expected Chinese steel production to reach a natural peak, level off and adjust downward. To my awe I have witnessed the exact opposite, 2018 levels showing the highest figures ever. That single country produces more steel than the rest of the world combined. Such strong absolute & relative figures and growth rates over so many consecutive years leave me wondering where demand for Chinese steel is coming from. Exports do not amount to very much in % terms. Does the construction boom in the country proceed unabated requiring ever more steel? Which sectors are using steel the most? Predictably, when is domestic demand expected to taper off?

    avatarCarlos Filipe Miranda Collaco2019-2-8 17:08:53Reply

  • 2

    Thank you for your comment, Carlos. The steel using sectors in China account for broadly the same percentages of steel demand as the steel using sectors globally i.e. building and infrastructure accounts for about 50% of steel demand, mechanical equipment accounts for about 15% of steel demand etc. Although we have seen nominal Chinese steel demand increasing by apparently large amounts in the last few years, real demand increases have been much more modest. China has been closing outdated induction furnace capacity, meaning that a lot of demand previously satisfied by these small furnaces was not captured in official statistics but has now moved on to the books. In any case, we do expect demand to level off in the coming years. According to our most recent short range outlook (SRO), growth in Chinese steel demand will be 0% this year.

    avatarworldsteel2019-3-14 10:04:48Reply